Tag Archives: organisation

Term Institution – Meaning of

The term “Institution” had been considered by House of Lords in Mayor and C. of Manchester v. Mc-Adam (Surveyor of Taxes), 1896 AC 500. A distinction was sought to be drawn up between the “Institution” and the “Property of the Institution”. It was observed as under:
“It is a word employed to express several different ideas. It is sometimes used in a sense in which the “institution” cannot be said to consist of any persons, or body of persons, who could, strictly speaking, own property. The essential idea conveyed by it in connection with such adjectives as “literary” and “scientific” is often no more than a system, scheme or arrangement, by which literature or science is promoted without reference to the persons with whom the management may rest, or in whom the property appropriated for these purposes may be vested, save in so far as these may be regarded as a part of such system, scheme or arrangement. That is certainly a well recognized meaning of the word.
In Imperial Dictionary it is defined as follows:
“A system, plan or society, established either by law, or by the authority of individuals, for promoting any object, public or social. An illustration of this use is to be found in the Libraries Act itself. When the libraries which the authorities referred to in that Act may provide are termed “Institution” the term conveys the idea of buildings stored with books, with access to them by the public for the purpose of reading, together with the arrangements made for their use.
In Kamaraju Venkta Krishna Rao v. Sub-Collector, Ongole, AIR 1969 SC 563, it was observed:
“According to the dictionary meaning, the term “Institution” means “a body or organization of an association brought into being for the purpose of achieving some object.” Oxford dictionary defines an “Institution” as “an establishment, organization or association, instituted for the promotion of some object especially one of public or general utility, religious, charitable, educational etc.” Church of North India Trust Association v. Union of India, 2017 (135) RD 36.

Leave a comment

Filed under Institution

Whistleblower – Basic Requirements

One of the basic requirements of a person being accepted as a “whistleblower” is that his primary motive for the activity should be in furtherance of public good. In other words, the activity has to be undertaken in public interest, exposing illegal activities of a public organization or authority. Every informer cannot automatically said to be a bonafide “whistleblower”. A “whistleblower” would be a person who possesses the qualities of a crusader. His honesty, integrity and motivation should leave little or no room for doubt. It is not enough that such person is from the same organization and privy to some information, not available to the general public. The primary motivation for the action of a person to be called a “whistleblower” should be to cleanse an organistaion. It should not be incidental or byproduct for an action taken for some ulterior or selfish motive. Manoj H. Mishra v. Union of India, (2013) 6 SCC 313.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized